What is Gross Profit?

Gross Profit refers to the total revenue subtracted by the cost of goods sold (COGS). These costs include all the expenses directly associated with the production of goods or services your business sells, such as raw materials and labour.

It does not include indirect expenses such as marketing, rent charges or administrative costs.

How to Calculate

Calculating Gross Profit is straightforward with this formula:

Gross Profit = Total Revenue – Cost of Goods Sold (COGS)

For example: If your business generates £100,000 in sales and the cost of goods sold amounts to £60,000, your gross would be £40,000.


  • Profitability Assessment: Gross income tells you how efficiently your business is producing and selling goods. It’s a good indicator of your core business efficiency before other costs are considered.
  • Pricing Strategy: Understanding gross income can help you make informed decisions about pricing. If your gross income is low, you might need to consider whether you can reduce production costs or need to increase prices.
  • Budgeting and Forecasting: Knowing your gross profit margin helps in forecasting future growth and budgeting accurately. It provides a baseline to measure the impact of cost-saving measures or to assess how changes in your production costs or sales prices affect your profitability.
  • Financial Health Monitoring: Regularly tracking your gross income helps in monitoring your business’s financial health. A sudden change can signal issues such as rising costs, problems in production, or changes in consumer demand.

Gross Profit Margin

Another concept closely related to gross profit is the Gross Profit Margin, expressed as a percentage. This is calculated by dividing the gross by total revenue and then multiplying by 100. It shows what proportion of each pound of revenue is profit before overhead costs.

For instance, using our previous example:

Gross Profit Margin = (Gross Profit / Total Revenue) x 100 = (£40,000 / £100,000) x 100 = 40%

A higher percentage means you are retaining more from each pound of sales to cover your other expenses and to generate profits.

Contact Us

We are not just accountants; we are Chartered Accountants with one of the most reputable and premium accounting bodies. We are registered and regulated by ACCA; so you can rest assured that you are in good hands. Knowing this, don’t hesitate to get in touch with us if you require assistance: Pi Accountancy | Contact Us